化粪池清理及管道疏通的危险识别及紧急应变计划

来源:http://www.zhentonghuanbao.com 日期:2019-07-03

  1.有害气体中毒的应急预案

  1. Emergency Plan for Harmful Gas Poisoning
  (1)树立和完善防二氧化碳、硫化氢中毒、防窒息事故的平安管理制度,装备相应的平安防护器材。施工现场人员树立作业前的中毒和窒息危害辨识、检测制度、不得进入密闭空间或受限空间作业。凡有进入坑、池、沟、井下、管道等存在或可能存在二氧化碳、硫化氢气体的密闭空间、通风不畅的场所作业的,都应明白作业担任人、作业人员和外部监护人员的职责;
  (1) Establish and improve the safety management system for preventing carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide poisoning and asphyxiation accidents, and equip corresponding safety protective equipment. Construction site personnel shall establish identification and detection system of poisoning and asphyxiation hazards before operation, and shall not enter confined or confined space for operation. Where there are enclosed spaces for entering pits, pools, ditches, underground mines, pipelines and other places where carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide gases exist or may exist, and where ventilation is not smooth, the duty of the operator, operator and external guardian shall be understood.
  (2)对作业场所停止全面排查,可能产生二氧化碳、硫化氢等有毒气体的场所必需悬挂防中毒警示标志。要把作业现场的风险要素告知作业人员,作业现场应具有对有害气体浓度、氧含量等停止检测的手腕。要为作业人员装备便携式报警仪、满足实践需求的氧气呼吸器或长管呼吸器,装备平安带、保险索等防护设备。
  (2) To stop the comprehensive investigation of the workplaces, it is necessary to hang the warning signs for poisoning prevention in places that may produce toxic gases such as carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. It is necessary to inform the operators of the risk factors on the work site, and the work site should have the wrist to stop the detection of harmful gas concentration, oxygen content and so on. It is necessary to equip operators with portable alarms, oxygen respirators or long-tube respirators to meet practical needs, and protective equipment such as seat belts and fuses.
  (3)作业时指定专人监护,遇险时科学施救。停止风险作业时,要布置有应急救援学问的现场平安监护人员,并为其装备通讯、救援设备。现场平安监护人员担任检查作业人员佩戴防护用具和理解应急预案的状况,提早告知作业人员可能遇到的风险要素、紧急状况下的呼救方式和逃生方式,落实监视平安措施,及时遏止不平安行为。作业过程中,现场平安监护人不得擅自离岗。
  (3) Specialized guardianship shall be appointed during operation and scientific rescue shall be carried out in case of distress. When stopping risk operations, safety guardians with knowledge of emergency rescue should be assigned and equipped with communication and rescue equipment. On-site security guardians act as inspectors to check the status of workers wearing protective equipment and understanding emergency plans, inform operators of possible risk factors, emergency rescue and escape methods, implement safety monitoring measures, and timely curb unsafe behavior. During the operation, the security guardian on site shall not leave his post without authorization.
济南管道疏通
  (4)一旦发作有毒有害气体中毒事故,项目主管担任人及应急救援小组应立刻赶往事故现场抢救;现场人员应首先使中毒人员疾速脱离中毒场地;让中毒人员平躺在空阔地带,冷静应对,冷静处置,及时报警并拨打120救护中心与医院获得联络(医院在左近的直接送往医院),寻求专业救护;救援者应佩带专业防护面具施行救援,制止不具备条件的自觉施救,防止伤亡扩展。
  (4) In case of poisoning accidents caused by toxic and harmful gases, project managers and emergency rescue teams should rush to the scene of the accident to rescue them immediately; field personnel should first make the poisoned persons quickly leave the poisoning site; let the poisoned persons lie flat in the open area, respond calmly, deal with them calmly, call 120 emergency centers and call 120 emergency centers in time. The hospital receives contact (the hospital is sent directly to the hospital near the left) to seek professional rescue. Rescuers should wear professional protective masks for rescue, stop unconditional voluntary rescue and prevent casualties from expanding.
  化粪池清理及管道疏通的危险识别及紧急应变计划-济南管道疏通:http://www.zhentonghuanbao.com
  Danger identification and emergency response plan for septic tank cleaning and pipeline dredging - Jinan pipeline dredging: http://www.zhentonghuanbao.com
  2.机械伤害事故的抢险程
  2. Emergency Procedure of Mechanical Injury Accidents
  (1)关于一些微小伤,现场担任人及急救员能够停止简单的止血、消炎、包扎。
  (1) With regard to minor injuries, on-site personnel and emergency personnel can stop simple hemostasis, anti-inflammation and dressing.
  (2)就近送往医院及卫生所。
  (2) To be sent to hospitals and clinics nearby.
  (3)若有必要应立刻拨打120救护中心与医院获得联络,并细致阐明事故地点、严重水平、现场人员的联络电话,并派人到路口接应。
  (3) If necessary, call 120 ambulance centers immediately to get in touch with the hospital, and elaborate on the location of the accident, the severity level and the contact telephone number of the personnel on the spot, and send someone to the intersection to answer.
  3、火灾事故的抢险程序
  3. Emergency procedures for fire accidents
  一旦发作事故,项目担任人及救援小组人员应该立刻赶往事故现场抢救,并视状况立刻拨打119火警电话并细致阐明事故地点、熄灭物资、严重水平及本部门的电话号码,并派人到路口接应。
  In the event of an accident, the project holder and rescue team personnel should immediately rush to the scene of the accident to rescue, and dial 119 fire alarm telephone as soon as possible, as appropriate, and elaborate on the accident location, extinguishing materials, severity level and the department's telephone number, and send people to the intersection to answer.
  (1)分散人员到平安区域,察看事故现场,确认没有进一步的风险,立刻组织人力、物力停止抢救。
  (1) Disperse personnel to safe areas, inspect the accident scene, confirm that there is no further risk, and immediately organize human and material resources to stop rescuing.
  (2)现场高压清洗车也能够作为消防灭火备用机械停止明火扑灭。
  (2) On-site high-pressure cleaning vehicle can also be used as fire fighting spare machinery to stop open fire extinguishing.
  (3)普通状况发作火灾,工地先用灭火器将货扑灭,用现场的高压清洗车内的水直接放射到熄灭物上,以熄灭火焰或将水放射到左近未熄灭的可燃物上,使可燃物免受火焰热力的要挟,防止熄灭。
  (3) When a fire breaks out in general conditions, the site first extinguishes the goods with fire extinguishers, and uses the high-pressure cleaning water in the vehicle to radiate directly to the extinguisher to extinguish the flame or radiate water to the near-left unburned combustibles, so as to protect the combustibles from the threat of flame heat and prevent extinguishing.
  化粪池清理及管道疏通的危险识别及紧急应变计划-济南管道疏通:http://www.zhentonghuanbao.com
  Danger identification and emergency response plan for septic tank cleaning and pipeline dredging - Jinan pipeline dredging: http://www.zhentonghuanbao.com
  4.环境、遭毁坏事故的抢险程序
  4. Emergency procedures for environmental and destructive accidents
  环境、文物遭毁坏事故发作时
  When the environment and cultural relics are destroyed
  (1)现场应立刻中止施工、应立刻向主管部门报警,及时分散人员到平安区域。
  (1) Construction should be stopped immediately at the site, and alarms should be sent to the competent authorities to disperse personnel to safe areas in time.
  (2)损坏公开管网,与相关单位联络,组织抢修。假如发作煤气管道断裂时严禁产生火星、明火。
  (2) Damage the public pipeline network, liaise with relevant units and organize emergency repair. If a gas pipeline breaks, sparks and open fires are strictly prohibited.
  5.后期维护应急预案和维护预案
  5. Post-maintenance Emergency Plan and Maintenance Plan
  前期清掏完成经历收合格后即进入后期的清掏维护阶段,此时间段依照:“报修-----布置------维护 ”施行,
  Upon completion of pre-clearing, it will enter into the later stage of clearing maintenance, which shall be carried out in accordance with "Repair - Arrangement - Maintenance".
  依据接到的报修状况,在4小时内积极合理的布置车辆或人工对报修地点停止疏通维护,保证当天的问题当天处理。
  According to the repairing status received, the vehicle or manual maintenance of the repairing site should be stopped within 4 hours to ensure that the problem on that day is dealt with.
  假如遇到特殊状况,保证24小时待命,随时布置车辆及效劳人员对维护项目停止应急处置!想要了解更多内容,欢迎访问济南管道疏通官网:http://www.zhentonghuanbao.com
  If encounter special conditions, ensure 24-hour standby, arrange vehicles and workers at any time to stop emergency disposal of maintenance projects! For more information, please visit Jinan Pipeline Opening Official Website: http://www.zhentonghuanbao.com

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